This wartime published booklet briefly describes the origins and development of parachutes. It refers to the use of parachutes for parachute troops and explains the idea did not originally come from the Germans, but from the Russians.
The short chapter 10 describes the then still brief history of parachute troops in combat in Finland, Norway, Belgium, Holland and Crete.
Interestingly, the author explains how US Army parachute troops might be used in a defensive role to protect mainland USA in case of a foreign invasion. He further explains how US training of parachutists differs from that of the Germans.
The rest of the booklet deals with other air force and commercial flight use and maintenance of parachutes.
On February 29th, I visited the WWII museums at Manhay and Diekirch with Yeomanry – the club of wartime vehicle enthousiasts. We went there by bus, so we had a lot of time to talk on the way about our jeeps and our collections.
The Manhay History 44 Museum in the Belgian Ardennes, which was opened in 2017 is one of many museums about the Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes, but it is special in that it focuses on events that took place in that area. You may know the place from the Stug panzer that has a spot across the street from the museum. The owners of the museum were available for a chat and made recommendations of other places of interest in the area. I can really recommend it!
The Luxemburg National Museum of Military History at Diekirch was next on our list. This is an old museum, although I had never visited it before. I should have, because it’s an enourmous treasure trove! It has been upgraded a bit over the years, so it doesn’t look too old fashioned. But most importantly, it has many special weapons, vehicles etc. on display. They have the luxury of so much stock that they can put an original .50 Cal on each vehicle and real pistols in the holsters on their mannequins.
Further down the street from the museum, you can also see General Patton’s monument. His grave can be found at the military cemetery nearby, but unfortunately we did not have time to visit it anymore. So I will be back another time.
Roland Marichal shared these photos with me from a very special 1942 and 1943 dated publication of the Luftwaffe. It was found in Belgium. It describes the uniforms, weapons, equipment and aircraft of the allied airborne forces.
Much of this report contains information about equipment that would never be used against the Germans. We see photos of the first type of jump suit (only used in training), a Reising SMG (USMC-issue and never used in the ETO), airborne troops with bicycles and skis in dropping containers… Also note the large leather reinforcement patches on the M1942 jump suits, which were only used for the Sicily invasion.
The level of detail is quite astounding though, given the allies had only formed actual paratroops since 1941 (and experimental units as early as 1940).
Loose segments describe the landing vessels that the Germans thought would be used by glider troopers for the allied invasion.
Does anyone have a complete issue of Yank 7/2/44 and can you check if it identifies the paratrooper on the cover?
Charlie Jump has been searching info on his cousin, Ernest Jump, who was a paratrooper in WW2. Frequently this photo shows up with no info. but he was finally able to link it to this issue of Yank magazine. A family story says his picture appeared in a magazine during the war.
Ernest (Johnny or Buzz, nick names) Jump (that’s his real family name, so he was destined to become a paratrooper…) was born in Rice Lake, WI. 2/1/1922 and died at Winthrop Harbor, IL. 10/1/1976. Using cryptic short local newspaper accounts, it appears he was in the National Guard at the start of the war and joined the 503 Parachute Infantry Regiment. The local newspaper says he jumped at Nadzab, New Guinea. When he returned home after the war, a short article says he spent 32 months in the war zone and made about 30 combat jumps his last on Corregidor. 30 seems a lot, but that is what the paper says. Family stories say he would volunteer and fought in both Europe and the Pacific. Those stories say he jumped on D-Day. Other than that, little is known and those who could fill in blanks are dead.
In September 2020, a reader sent me a link to a copy of this magazine on sale. It was outrageously expensive, but the description cleared up our question about who it was on the cover: it was Sgt. Joseph Goseme of 1st Battalion, 506th PIR, 101st Airborne getting on board of a C-47 on the evening of June 5th, 1944. I haven’t been able to find any further background information on Joseph Goseme, so if anyone knows more about him, please send me an e-mail.
After updating this post, the same reader brought to my attention that the identity of the paratrooper on the cover photo is apparently disputed. Mark Bando on his website Trigger Time explains that veterans told him that the trooper is T/4 Joseph F. Gorenc, ASN:16131251, of HQ/3, 506th PIR. Before D-Day, Joe worked in 3rd Bn S-3, doing training related functions like map making and constructing sand tables of the Drop Zone in cooperation with S-2. But…. after publishing this on his website, Mark Bando received further claims from other veterans and relatives also claiming to know for sure it was their buddy or relative in that famous photo. The names are listed here: https://www.101airborneww2.com/warstories4.html. I guess we’ll never know for sure.
Ron Wouters from Holland sent me photos of a Superior Magneto wrist compass dated 3-44. This makes his compass the earliest dated of that type I have come across so far, and it also means they were manufactured before D-Day. However, there’s still no photographic evidence that this type was actually used on D-Day.
He also says he has several other compasses for sale if anyone’s interested.
This is a very nice reproduction I bought from the Rigger Depot through eBay. It looks just like the photos on their website, except mine did not have the Conmar brand zipper puller. I was a bit disappointed at that, especially because it was so expensive with shipping and customs duties. I am displaying it with all its original contents, and I have to say it looks really well.
I got a comment on my article about wartime magazines with paratroopers on the cover. This one is post-war (1962), but has a very colorful cover and features an article about Jumpin’ Jim Gavin, or the much decorated general of the 82nd Airborne Division.
With his recent book ‘American Airborne Ads of the 20s Thru The 50s’, Ken Peck has really outdone me by finding even more period ads with paratroopers in them than I have assembled in my article about ads with paratroopers.
These colorful ads (and many black and whites too) are not only great for framing, but they give an interesting insight into the prestige of the early parachute troops, the evolution of their uniforms and equipment throughout their development during the war, and how corporations promoted their contribution to the war effort to the American public.
The book is written in English, Spanish, French and German and features 200 pages of period print ads, cartoons and magazine covers, all with paratroopers.
I thought I had listed all known WWII period ads featuring paratroopers, but apparently not… Here’s one of the ads that surfaced on eBay last week. I have another ad from the same company Joyce Aviation, also with paratroopers.
In my article you can see an overview of all the ads with paratroopers I have been able to find over the years.
Number 8 has just been published, 10 years after number 1. It is still a great series, both for the fantastic drawings and the good script. Philippe Jarbinet manages to maintain the high standard he set with the previous albums. Although no longer centered around airborne soldiers in this fourth do-album, the selected subject of the crumbling Third Reich and German scientists and nazi gold make good ingredients for a fascinating story.
This album and the previous one remind me a bit of the style of François Boucq, another of my favorite comic book authors.
Let’s hope Jarbinet will continue this series for a long time to come!